Price does well to start off his exegesis of some 54 early Christian texts, both canonical and non, with a discussion of Christian bishop and Gnostic "heretic" Marcion (c.
110-160 ), as it is universally accepted that Marcion was the first producer of a "New Testament" canon.
In a similar way, if each member of a family had to write a family history, each member would tell basically the same story, but each member would also highlight certain details he considered important and would keep in mind who would be reading the family history. Whether the final version of the Gospels we have is the word-for-word work of the saints [they are named for] is hard to say. The Gospel of Mark is commonly dated about the year 65-70 in conjunction with the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem. Matthew is identified with the tax collector called as an Apostle (Mt 9:9-13). Nevertheless, some scholars doubt the saint's direct authorship because we only have the Greek version, not the Aramaic, and no citations are made from the Aramaic version in Church literature. Paul (Col ), has consistently been recognized in Christian tradition as the author of the third Gospel, beginning with St. Interestingly, with the recent scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls, new evidence points to the authorship of the traditional authors. Reginald Fuller, an Episcopalian and Professor Emeritus at Virginia Theological Seminary, with Dr.
Nevertheless, the sacred authors wrote "in such a fashion that they have told us the honest truth about Jesus" (No. Therefore to suggest that the third-century Church "wrote" the Gospels in some kind of vacuum, almost to "create" Jesus, is without foundation. Nevertheless, tradition does link the saints to their Gospels. Mark, identified with the Mark of Acts and the Mark of I Peter , is mentioned in a quote contained in a letter from Papias (c. Papias again attests to the saint's authorship and indicates that he was the first to compile a collection of Jesus' sayings in the Aramaic language. The version of the Gospel we have was probably written between 70-80. Carsten Thiede, has analyzed three papyrus fragments from the 26th chapter of the Gospel of Matthew; the fragments date to the year 40, which would indicate that the author was an eyewitness to our Lord's public ministry. J., studying fragments of the Gospel of Mark and using paleographic means, dated them at 50, again indicating an eyewitness author.
Sometimes the authors may have synthesized some of these events or teachings, or may have underscored parts or explained parts with a view to a certain audience. Third, the individual was still considered the author if he only provided the ideas or if the text were written in accord with his thought and in his spirit even though a "ghost writer" did the actual composition. Also scholars generally agree that "the beloved disciple" mentioned in the Gospel is St. Yes, the human authors used their skills and language with a view to an audience; however, they wrote what God wanted written.
This is why the Gospels oftentimes tell the same story, but each will have certain details not included by the others. In the broadest sense, the individual was even considered the author if the work was written in his tradition; for example, David is given credit for the Psalms even though clearly he did not write all of the Psalms. The Gospel [has long been assumed to have been] written about 70-80. Irenaeus identified the author of the fourth Gospel as St. He does so based on the instruction of his teacher, St. The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation clearly asserted, Since, therefore, all that the inspired authors, or sacred writers, affirm should be regarded as affirmed by the Holy Spirit, we must acknowledge that the books of Sacred Scripture firmly, faithfully, and without error, teach that truth, which God, for the sake of our salvation, wished to see confided to the Sacred Scriptures. 11)So no matter who actually put the finishing touches on the sacred Scriptures, each is inspired.
With TPNNT, Price has produced a book that could literally serve as a weapon in the pummeling of logic into the human mind.
Price's opus The Pre-Nicene New Testament is "massive." It is a massive undertaking, a massive amount of research and a massive volume of writing, comprising over 1200 pages.
Each author, guided by the Holy Spirit, selected from the events and teachings of our Lord which perhaps they had witnessed or which had been handed on either orally or in written form. Second, the individual who dictated the text to a secretary or scribe was still considered the author. Throughout this Gospel, the numerous details indicate the author was an eyewitness. Whether the actual saint wrote word-for word, whether a student did some later editing, or whether a student actually wrote what had been taught by the saint, we must remember the texts — whole and entire — are inspired by the Holy Spirit.Of these 306 words, 175 do not occur elsewhere in the New Testament, while 211 are part of the general vocabulary of Christian writers of the second century.Indeed, the vocabulary of the Pastorals is closer to that of popular Hellenistic philosophy than it is to the vocabulary of Paul or the deutero-Pauline letters.Sad to say, some Scripture scholars would have us believe that the only thing we can know for certain is that Jesus existed.Even the pagan Roman historians could tell us that. Therefore, to answer this question we must be clear on how the Gospels were formed and what constitutes authorship.